Cuban Missile Crisis

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American watch as President announces the blockade of the Cuban coast in October 1962.

With tensions between the U.S. and Cuba approaching a zenith point, Fidel Castro took the opportunity and sought help from Khrushchev with some reinforcements.

 

 

 

 

 

Secret agreement to send "special materials" from the Soviet Union to Cuba

Secret agreement to send “special materials” from the Soviet Union to Cuba

Castro agreed to allow the shipment of Soviet missiles to the Cuba in 1962. Word about

U-2 reconnaissance photos of missiles present in Cuba.

U-2 reconnaissance photos of missiles present in Cuba.

nuclear warheads with striking distance of U.S. soil prompted a meeting with President Kennedy and his newly formed  national security team (referred to as ExCom for Executive Committee of the National Security Council) to gather intelligence on the

 

 

 

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Possible missile range from Cuba

Kennedy’s options were limited, especially after the Bay of Pigs disaster, but ultimately decided on a blockade of the Cuban coast.  After Kennedy made the announcement to the American people, tensions between the U.S. and the Soviets reached an all-time high. Kennedy demanded the Soviets to remove the missiles off Cuba, but Khrushchev had demands of his own with both Castro and Soviet military in Cuba ready to strike if felt threatened by a possible U.S. attack.

 

 

From the next several days, negotiations between Kennedy and Khrushchev ensued as well as talks between the U.S. and the United Nations hoping a nuclear war could be averted. Khrushchev made a counter offer to Kennedy where he would remove the missiles from Cuba in exchange to agree never to invade Cuba and the removal missiles out of the NATO nation of Turkey. On October 28 after U.S. Soviet officials meet to hammer out final provisions, an agreement was made with missiles removed from both Cuba and Turkey, providing a buffer zone for both nations, but also averting nuclear war.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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