After Castro’s successful takeover of the island in 1960, he began to nationalize many of the U.S. owned corporations and land. President Eisenhower closed the U.S. embassy and refused to personally talk with Castro, while Castro discussed diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union.
Threatened with the idea of communism within 100 miles off the Florida coast, Eisenhower approved a plan to train anti-Castro exiles by CIA officials to topple Castro’s communist government.
When President Kennedy was elected in 1961, he authorized an nighttime amphibious operation that first bombed Cuban coasts in order for the 1,500 guerrillas to land. However, the anti-Castro troops failed to advance far as Cuban military waited and prepared for the mission quickly captured the guerrillas, ending the invasion in 3 days.